The second panel in the Conference was about traditional media values and trends in media today. First presentation was held by Mirko Petric from University of Zadar, Department of Sociology. His task was to present the case of Croatia. He started his story with conclusion that journalist in the former Yugolsavia were „social“ workers and there was no private ownership. Croatia had the era of turbulence in 1990’s and there was a diversity of ownership models. In period 1998.-2008. there was an entry of transnational players in Croatia and Internet slowly started to work and society became included .
The next period 2008-2012. showed tabloidization and propaganda in Croatian media, a situation that is very unhelathy both for the media and for the society. This period also brought up lots of use of new media and mobile phones for civil activities. Mr. Petric concluded his presentation with idea about lifetime education, not only in the university, but also by content. Journalists need to educate readership, viewers and users.
Presentation Traditional Media Values and the New Public Sphere was folllowed by a presentation by Lufti Dervishi, Media Analyst from Tirana, Albania. He started his presentation with some interesting facts about Albania, such as number of daily papers and Facebook accounts. Then, to get the bigger picture, Mr. Dervishi pointed out trends in media in Albania. One of them is that traditional media are present on web sites but there is a trend of copy-pasting. It is also not rare that politicians in Albania do investigations about journalist who prefer investigative journalism. Mr. Dervishi concluded his presentation with image of legal framework in Albania.
Semir Mujkic, a journalist in „Zurnal“ in Bosnia and Herzegovina. talked about new media in Bosnia and Herzegovina. He noticed that some newspapers have websites, but they don’t put news online. Maybe the reason for that is that people believe more to TV and radio than to the online media. A presentation about challenges of investigative journalism in Bosnia and Herzegovina gave an overview of political and financial pressures on media outlets, and also new media and new possibilities for investigative reporting efforts. Mr. Mahir Sahinovic, a reporter from Center for Investigative Reporting, shared with visitors his opinion that there is no big difference between regular and investigative reporting, but there is a big fear of losing a job if journalists’ work opposites centres of power in Bosnia and Herzegovina. The biggest problem in Bosnian media, according to Mr. Sahinovic, is that media could not afford to pay journalists 3 or 4 months of investigating the story.
Borna Keserovic, a journalist and editor from Croatia, said that we Croatia have a bad situation in media world. There is no profit of commercial media. When it’s up to investigative reporting, problems appear. For example, keeping information is not uncommon, because there is no media to public that kind of stories. Mr. Keserovic finished his presentation with thought that Croatian media need to turn back to quality journalism and real values.
Saska Cvetovska, a journalist in Eurozoom TV magazine, presented situation in Macedonia. She pointed out that there is negligence of important news and stories. It’s not rare in Macedonia that politicians „attack“: curse and threat to journalists.
Next presenter was Mihailo Jovovic, editor in chief of Vijesti Daily Newspaper in Montenegro. He highlighted the problem of practically the same party that rule around twenty years. Also, there are only few media which are financially independent. There is only one news agency in Montenegro. Mr. Jovovic concluded his presentation with sarcastic comment:
„ Come to our paradise, there is story for everybody.“
Next country case was Serbia. Bojana Barlovac from Balkan Investigative Reporting Network said that twenty years ago journalists were killed, and today they were not. But that doesn’t mean that the situation is better. It’s even worse beacuse of the influenece on journalists. Some key problems in Serbian media are poor legal framework, advertising the state over media and unidenpendent regulatory bodies.
The last presenter was Mario Belovic, journalist in Delo in Slovenia. He pointed out that media owners don’t go digital because they are not interested in that. He was also talking about investigative journalism which exists, but there is a lack of infrastucture.